Andrew Brunson has been held in Turkey for nearly two years over alleged links to outlawed political groups.
The dispute over his release has seen the two Nato allies impose tariffs on one another’s goods.
This has worsened a crisis for Turkey’s currency, the lira, which has lost about a third of its value against the dollar since January.
The crisis has prompted widespread selling in other emerging markets, sparking fears of a global crisis.
What is the new threat from the US?
The lira has staged a small recovery but that is threatened by a fresh tweet from US President Donald Trump.
He said early on Friday that Turkey had “taken advantage of the United States for many years” and that he was “cutting back on Turkey”.
On Thursday, US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said: “We have more that we are planning to do if they don’t release him [Mr Brunson] quickly.”
Last week, the US doubled its tariffs on metal imports from Turkey.
Turkey vowed it would not succumb to threats.
A court refused to release Mr Brunson, and the the government in Ankara increased tariffs on imports from the US of cars, alcoholic drinks and leaf tobacco – and the lira recovered slightly.
Why this tension between Nato allies?
Ankara accuses Mr Brunson – who operates a tiny evangelical church in Izmir – of having links to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party and the Gulenist movement, which Turkey blames for a failed coup two years ago.
Mr Brunson has denied charges of espionage, but faces up to 35 years in jail if found guilty.
The US insists the pastor, a long-time Turkish resident, is “a victim of unfair and unjust detention”.
Mr Trump described him as “our wonderful Christian Pastor, who I must now ask to represent our Country as a great patriot hostage”.
The influential Protestant evangelical church in the US is a major support base for Mr Trump.
Mr Erdogan is angry that the US has not taken more action against the Gulenist movement and what he said was a failure “to unequivocally condemn” the 2016 coup attempt. The US has refused to extradite Fethullah Gulen, who lives in Pennsylvania.
Could the lira crisis spread?
President Erdogan has urged Turks to shore up the currency by not trading in dollars and euros.
On Monday, the central bank said it would provide all the liquidity Turkish banks needed, as it seeks to keep money flowing in the financial system.
There are signs that the weakness in Turkish currency markets is already spreading.
South Africa’s rand, Russia’s rouble, the Indian rupee and Indonesia’s rupiah have all taken a hit from the crisis in Turkey.
Source : www.bbc.com