The event on Wednesday will be preceded by a meeting on Sunday in Turkey’s resort city of Antalya between the three countries’ foreign ministers.
It comes days after Russia vetoed a US-initiated draft United Nations Security Council resolution on extending the mandate of the UN’s mission for investigating the use of chemical weapons in Syria, and the Japan-initiated draft on a provisional extension of the mission’s mandate.
“How, then, can we trust Russia’s supposed support for peace in Syria? How can anyone take Russia’s proposal of political talks in Sochi seriously?” she asked.
The choice of participants
According to Putin’s spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, the summit will include only these three countries, because they are the “guarantors of the political settlement and stability and security that we see now in Syria”.
The trio brokered a ceasefire in Syria in December 2016 and held peace talks in Kazakhstan’s capital of Astana in parallel to UN-backed negotiations in Geneva.
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu credited the unlikely alliance for the improved situation in Syria over the past six months.
“Since Aleppo, we have been cooperating with Russia, and we have made a lot of progress,” he said. “Eventually, we also included Iran to the system and to the process. And here is the result: The situation on the ground is much better than it was six months ago.”
Turkey’s presidential spokesman, Ibrahim Kalin, said that the three leaders would discuss progress in reducing the violence in Syria and ensuring humanitarian aid goes to those in need.
According to Russia’s Tass news agency, the summit will pay special attention to the situation in Idlib, a de-escalation zone where the three states have been deploying observers.
The Syrian conflict has killed more than 400,000 people since 2011.