Two convoys of aid which crossed the Turkish border destined for Syria’s Aleppo were waiting in no-man’s land on Wednesday, as disagreements between warring sides and fears about security delayed deliveries on the third day of a ceasefire.
The convoys, each of around 20 trucks carrying mostly food and flour, entered Syria from the Turkish border town of Cilvegozu, about 40km west of Aleppo, on Tuesday but made it little further than the Turkish customs post. A Turkish official said no further trucks were expected to cross the border on Wednesday until the situation became clearer.
“Things are taking longer than we’d hoped,” said David Swanson, the spokesman for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. He said 20 UN trucks were waiting at the border “ready to go”.
The ceasefire agreement, in effect since sunset on Monday, demands that humanitarian aid shipments are given safe passage to all parts of Syria. It states that the Syrian government should be notified – and not given the task of approving – aid trucks being delivered to rebel-held areas.
However, the Syrian government said in a statement that it would not allow the entry of Turkish aid trucks into besieged parts of Aleppo without its permission.
The apparent deadlock in aid deliveries further complicated an already fragile truce. A senior US official told the Guardian that neither Syrian government nor Kurdish opposition forces had pulled back from the Castello Road route into east Aleppo, a key part of the deal, and that Washington was doing all it could to ensure the UN convoy has safe passage.
“We have spent much of today pressing the Russians and, through the Russians, pressing the regime. The UN wanted to make sure the trucks go through unhindered by the regime and unthreatened by the opposition. And we hope to get that done today,” he said.
“If an opposition group decides it doesn’t want to part of the cessation and wants to carry out attacks on the regime, then they take themselves out of the cessation of hostilities.”
More than 20 Syrian opposition groups agreed to the ceasefire deal hours before the agreement was due to come into force. Some groups however have expressed hesitance about breaking ties with Fatah al-Sham who they have teamed up with to fight the Syrian government.
A Syrian opposition politician said Wednesday he did not have great confidence that the truce would last longer than a previous one that temporarily curbed the fighting in February.
“There is not great confidence that this truce can last longer than the previous one,” George Sabra told Reuters in a telephone interview. He also said the Syrian government’s insistence on controlling aid was obstructing its delivery to Aleppo under the agreement.
Sabra also said it was too early to talk about any resumption of peace talks, and that this hinged on the implementation of humanitarian clauses of a UN resolution passed last year.
If the ceasefire holds for seven days, it will pave the way for the US and Russia coordinating on attacks against the Islamic State group and the Nusra Front, which has recently tried to distance itself from al-Qaeda and renamed itself Fateh al-Sham. Neither the US nor Russia recognises the move.
The Syrian government’s air force would also be permanently grounded and prohibited from attack Fatah al-Sham.
The aid organisations in a five page letter to the UN also called for global governing body to be more transparent in how it conducted its operations in Syria.